BUDGETING AS A PLANNING AND CONTROL TECHNIQUES FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN KOGI STATE

BUDGETING AS A PLANNING AND CONTROL TECHNIQUES FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN KOGI STATE


NUMBERS PAGES: 49         RESEARCH TYPE:- PROJECT         AMOUNT :- ₦2500

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                                                                          ABSTRACT
Budgeting as an instrument of planning and control techniques is very important in the thinking of modern government and also with economist. Government budgeting means the procedure for the planning, authorization and the control of government expenditure, so as to adjust it to the expected volume of revenue. Budgeting is aimed to achieve greatest efficiency and economy in government operation. The term budget has been defined by various individuals, scholars, authors, and authorities.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page . . . . . . . . i
Approval page . . . . . . . ii
Dedication . . . . . . . iii
Abstract . . . . . . . . iv
Acknowledgement . . . . . . v
Table of contents . . . . . . vi
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study . . . . . 1
1.2 Statement of the problem . . . . . 5
1.3 Objectives of the study . . . . . 6
1.4 Significance of the study . . . . . 6
1.5 Research questions . . . . . . 7
1.6 Statement of hypothesis . . . . . 8
1.7 Scope of the study . . . . . . 9
1.8 Limitations of the study . . . . . 9
1.9 Definition of key concept or relevant term . . 11
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Conceptual clarification of budget . . . 13
2.2 Budget planning and development . . . 14
2.3 Types of budget . . . . . . 15
2.4 Purpose of budgeting . . . . . . 22
2.5 Budgeting as a tool for planning . . . . 24
2.6 Budgeting formula . . . . . . 25
2.7 Budget structure . . . . . . 27
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Introduction . . . . . . . 29
3.2 Design of the study . . . . . . 29
3.3 Area of the study . . . . . . 30
3.4 Population of the study . . . . . 31
3.5 Sample of the study . . . . . . 31
3.6 Description of instrument . . . . . 32
3.7 Administration and retrieval of instrument . . 32
3.8 Method of data analysis . . . . . 33
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Data presentation . . . . . . 34
4.2 Discussion of findings . . . . . . 41
4.3 Test of hypothesis . . . . . . 42
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary . . . . . . . . 45
5.2 Recommendations . . . . . . 46
5.3 Concussion . . . . . . . 49
Bibliography
Appendix

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