MAINTENANCE OF BUILDINGS OF PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS IN NIGERIA. (CASE STUDY OF SELECTED INSTITUTIONS IN LOKOJA)

MAINTENANCE OF BUILDINGS OF PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS IN NIGERIA.
(CASE STUDY OF SELECTED INSTITUTIONS IN LOKOJA)


NUMBERS PAGES: 58         RESEARCH TYPE:- PROJECT         AMOUNT :- ₦2500

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                                                                          ABSTRACT

A building fabric is referred to as an “environmental envelope” because it is the means by which the natural or external environment may be modified, to produce a satisfactory internal environment for man to live in. The deterioration of buildings hampers its ability to perform adequately, thus is important to ensure proper maintenance to prevent deterioration.
Public buildings represent significant investment of the tax payers’ money and therefore preserving these building systems is important. Due to the neglect of the maintenance component of the housing process in the country, a lot of public and private residential buildings are in a state of disrepair.
In view of the above, this study was designed to assess the current condition of public buildings, identify the underlying principal causes of poor maintenance of public buildings, analyses the maintenance policy and practice and capacity of the maintenance and estate departments of public institutions and make suggestions and recommendations towards the adoption of effective maintenance policy and innovations that would address the building maintenance problem in public institutions.
The field investigations focused on residential buildings. Two different housing types were defined for data collection and analyses including: bungalows and flat. The study also established the following factors as being responsible for the poor maintenance of public buildings: The age of the buildings, Lack of maintenance culture, Inadequate funds and high maintenance cost, Pressure on building facilities by number of users and Poor construction work and maintenance work done by maintenance personnel of the institution. Stakeholders in the housing sector also added to the problem has arisen as a result of lack of preventive maintenance plan, low capacity of maintenance personnel in terms of staffing and training, absence of a national maintenance policy and apathy and lack of patriotism on the part of some public employees occupying government bungalows.
The study concludes by enumerating a number of recommendations aimed at providing the necessary framework for proper and effective maintenance of buildings. These among others are: the need for public institutions to embrace preventive maintenance practice as a high priority rather than adhoc maintenance. There is also the need for a national policy on maintenance to be formulated to protect buildings, institution of a maintenance awards scheme for public institutions and establishing a maintenance fund to be managed for maintenance of public buildings in the country.

TABLE OF CONTENT
TITLE PAGE —————————————————- i
CERTIFICATION ——————————————— ii
DEDICATION —————————————————– iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ————————————– iv
ABSTRACT —————————————————— v
TABLE OF CONTENT ———————————————– vi
CHAPTER ONE
1.0 INTRODUCTION ———————————————– 1
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY ———————— 1
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM ———————— 3
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS ——————————– 4
1.4 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES ——————————– 6
1.5 JUSTIFICATION FOR THE STUDY ———————– 7
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY ——————————– 8

1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY —————————- 8

1.8 ORGANISATION OF THE REPORT ———————– 8

CHAPTER TWO
2.1 THE CONCEPT OF BUILDING ————————– 10
2.1.1 DEFINITION OF BUILDING ————————————- 10
2.2.2 LIVES OF BUILDINGS ——————————————— 10
2.1.2 PUBLIC RESIDENTIAL HOUSE TYPES IN NIGERIA —– 11
2.2 DEFINITION OF MAINTENANCE ———————– 12
2.3 COMPONENTS OF MAINTENANCE ——————– 18
2.3.1 SERVICING ————————————————— 18
2.3.2 RECTIFICATION ———————————————— 19
2.3.3 REPLACEMENT ————————————————- 19
2.4 OTHER MAINTENANCE-RELATED CONCEPTS —– 20
2.4.1 PREVENTION —————————————————— 20
2.4.2 CONSOLIDATION ———————————————— 20
2.4.3 REHABILITATION ———————————————— 20
2.4.4 REPAIR —————————————————– 20
2.4.5 RENOVATION ———————————————- 21
2.4.6 REFURBISHMENT ———————————————– 21
2.4.7 EXTENSION —————————————————- 21
2.5 TECHNOLOGY OF MAINTENANCE ———————- 22
2.6 SOCIAL SIGNIFICANCE OF MAINTENANCE ——— 23
2.7 AIMS OF MAINTENANCE ———————————— 23
2.8 FACTORS INFLUENCING DECISION TO UNDERTAKE MAINTENANCE —————————————————– 24
2.9 MAINTENANCE POLICY ————————————– 28
2.10 PHYSICAL CAUSES OF POOR MAINTENANCE IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS ——————————————– 28
2.11 ORGANIZATION OF MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENT 29
2.11.1 THE FUNCTIONS OF THE MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENT 30
CHAPTER THREE
3.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ———————— 36
3.1 INTRODUCTION ——————————————– 36
3.2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ———————- 36
3.3 RESEARCH DESIGN ————————————- 37
3.3.1 QUANTITATIVE ————————————- 37
3.3.2 CASE STUDY METHOD ——————————— 37
3.3 VARIABLES OF THE STUDY ————————— 38
3.4 THE CONCEPT OF POPULATION, SAMPLE FRAME AND UNIT OF ANALYSIS ——————————————————– 40
3.4.1 POPULATION ———————————————— 40
3.4.2 SAMPLE FRAME/UNIT OF ANALYSIS ————— 40
3.5 SAMPLING ———————————————— 40
3.6 DATA COLLECTION METHOD AND INSTRUMENTS 41
3.6.1 PRIMARY DATA COLLECTION ———————— 41
3.6.4 SECONDARY DATA COLLECTION ——————- 42
3.7 DATA ANALYSIS DESIGN ——————————- 42

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS ———— 43
4.1 INTRODUCTION ———————————————- 43
4.2 TYPES OF HOUSES OCCUPIED BY PERSONNEL – 43
4.3 THE PRESENT STATE/CONDITION OF THE BUILDINGS 44
4.3.1 THE AVAILABILITY OF DOMESTIC FACILITIES AND SERVICES IN PUBLIC BUILDINGS. —————————————– 44
4.3.2 CONDITION OF DOMESTIC FACILITIES AND SERVICES 44
4.3.3 ROOFING ELEMENT —————————————– 48
4.3.4 WALL ELEMENTS ——————————————— 49
4.3.5 PAINTING ——————————————————– 49
4.4 CAUSES OF MAINTENANCE PROBLEMS IN PUBLIC BUILDINGS 50
4.5 MAINTENANCE POLICY AND PRACTICES OF PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS ————————————————— 51
4.5.1 FUNDING OF MAINTENANCE ACTIVITIES OF PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS ——————————————————— 52
4.5.2 STAFFING PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PROGRAMS 53

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 54
5.1 SUMMARY ———————————————- 54
5.2 CONCLUSION ————————————————- 54
5.1 RECOMMENDATION —————————————– 55
5.2 REFERENCES —————————————– 56
5.3 QUESTIONNAIRES —————————————– 58

 

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