THE MANAGEMENT OF INSURANCE COMPANIES TOWARDS THE DEVELOPMENT OF BUSINESS ENTERPRISES (A CASE STUDY OF ROYAL EXCHANGE ASSURANCE NIG. PLC.KANO STATE).

THE MANAGEMENT OF INSURANCE COMPANIES TOWARDS THE DEVELOPMENT OF BUSINESS ENTERPRISES

(A CASE STUDY OF ROYAL EXCHANGE ASSURANCE NIG. PLC.KANO STATE).


NUMBERS PAGES: 92         RESEARCH TYPE:- PROJECT         AMOUNT :- ₦2500

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                                                                        ABSTRACT
This project work titled ‘’the management of insurance company towards the development of business enterprises’’ a case Study of Royal exchange assurance Nig. Plc. Kano. This research work intends to survey the role and the concept of insurance companies in business and in the sustainability of business enterprises in Nigeria. The researcher adopted a descriptive method of survey; the sample method use was sampling method. Both primary and secondary sources of data were used to obtain relevant information. The company has a total population of 100 employees’. The sample size was 50 which is draw from the total population using Yaro Yamani formula.In my findings, it claims for those loss will be guaranteed. It is recommended that the insurance managers should do everything possible to train their staff on job and on insurance training. It is drawn to the phase of the insurance industries with a view of determining adaptability and sustainability, taking into consideration the peculiarity of Nigeria circumstance. Take into consideration, the recapitalization exercise in the companies rather than financial effects and also to proffer solutions to problems hiking around the insurance companies.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page ——————————————————————————i
Certification page———————————————————————ii
Dedication——————————————————————————-iii
Acknowledgement——————————————————————–IV
Abstract———————————————————————————v
Table of content———————————————————————-vi
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study———————————————————2
1.2 Statement of the problem——————————————————3
1.3 Objectives of the study———————————————————-4
1.4 Significance of the study ——————————————————–5
1.5 Scope of the study—————————————————————6
1.6 Limitation of the study———————————————————-6
1.7 Statement of Hypothesis——————————————————-7
1.8 Definition of key terms———————————————————7
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Theoretical frame work of the study———————————————8
2.2 Historical background of the study———————————————–58
2.3 Current literature on theories postulated above—————————-63
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Introduction—————————————————————————68
3.2 Sources of Data collection———————————————————-68
3.2.1 Primary Sources of Data———————————————————-68
3.2.2 Secondary Sources of Data——————————————————-68
3.3 The population of the study——————————————————-69
3.4 Sample design and determination———————————————–69
3.5 Research instrument—————————————————————-69
3.5.1 Questionnaire———————————————————————70
3.6 Questionnaire Design————————————————————70
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Introduction ————————————————————————72
4.1.2 Data presentation and analysis———————————————-72
4.1.3 Observered Frequency———————————————————–76
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDING, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary of findings——————————————————–84
5.2 Conclusions——————————————————————–84
5.3 Recommendations———————————————————-85
Bibliography—————————————————————–87
Appendix ———————————————————————88
Questionnaire———————————————————89

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DISASTER MANAGEMENT CENTRE, PORT-HARCOURT

DISASTER MANAGEMENT CENTRE, PORT-HARCOURT.


NUMBERS PAGES: 130         RESEARCH TYPE:- Thesis         AMOUNT :- ₦2500

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INTRODUCTION
“Disaster management” can be defined as the range of activities designed to maintain control over disaster and emergency situations and to provide a framework for helping at-risk persons to avoid or recover from the impact of the disaster. Disaster management deals with situations that occur prior to, during, and after the disaster. Globally, there has been lots of disaster on land, air and sea, though these disasters may be natural or man-made, it has however led to the destruction of lives and properties worth billions of Naira. In Nigeria, there have been instance of earth tremors in Ogun state in 1994, several cases of flood has occurred in Nigeria, in July 2012, 363 people killed, over 2,100,000 displaced, Areas affected include, Adamawa, Taraba, Plateau, and Benue state. On 2nd July 2012, many Nigerian coastal and inland cities experienced heavy rains, and residents of Lagos state were “gasping for breath” due to the flooding. In addition, there was a gridlock on major roads, causing people to cancel or postpone appointments they may have had. Thousands of stranded commuters had to pay increased fares for the few bus drivers who were willing to risk travelling on the roads, and construction of work by the Nigerian government on the inner Oke-Afa Road took a “heavy toll.” In mid-July 2012, flooding in the Ibadan metropolis caused some residents at Challenge, Oke-Ayo, and Eleyele to flee from their residences and save their lives. The flooding also prevented some Christians from attending churches in the morning, while a few bridges caved in. The Nigerian government said that certain structures on waterways had to be demolished as a result of the flooding, while Commissioner for Information and Orientation, Bosun Oladele, announced that there weren’t any casualties from the flooding. Although, most of the disasters that Nigerians face are generally preventable, such as aircraft crash, boat mishap, floods, landslides, fire out breaks, oil spillage etc, can actually be prevented.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE———————— I
DECLARATION- II
CERTIFICATION——-
DEDICATION————
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

—–
TABLE OF CONTENT
ABSTRACT
INTRODUCTION——————————————–
CHAPTER ONE
1.1 Background to the Study
1.2 Statement Of Architectural Problems
1.3 Motivation
1.4 Aims
1.5 Objectives
1.6 Scope Of Project
1.6.1 The Site
1.6.2 The Main Building
1.6.3 The Clinic
1.6.4 The Staff Accommodation
1.7 Project Justification
1.8 Definition Of Terms

1.9 Research Methodology
CHAPTER TWO
2.0. LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1. History of Disaster
2.2. The Origins of Disaster Management
2.3. History of Disaster Management in Nigeria
2.4. Disaster
2.4.1 Types of Disaster
2.4.2 Implications of Disasters on Our Region and Environment
2.5 Disaster Management Cycle
2.6 Technical Information
CHAPTER THREE
3.0 CASE STUDY
3.1 CASE STUDY ONE Enugu State Fire Service Station-

3.1.1 Location
3.1.2 Client
3.1.3 Architect
3.1.4 Brief History
3.1.5 Functions
3.1.6 Mode Of Operation Challenges-
3.1.8 Programme Element
3.1.9 Planning Concept
3.1.10 Environmental Control

3.1.11 Services Needed
3.1.12 General Appraisal
3.1.13 Construction Materials
3.1.15 Demerits
3.1.16 Drawings
3.1.17 0rganisational Chart
3.2 CASE STUDY TWO
National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA)
3.2.1 Location

3.2.2 Programme Element
3.2.3 Merits
3.2.4 Demerits
3.2.5 Challenges
3.2.6 Possible Solutions
3.2.7 Organisational Chart
3.2.8 Drawings
3.3 CASE STUDY THREE
Disaster Management Centre For Ehlanzeni District Municipality, South Africa.
3.3.1 Location
3.3.2 Objectives
3.3.3 Program Element
3.3.4 Merits
3.3.5 Demerits
3.3.6 Drawings
CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 PLANNING AND DESIGN REQUIREMENT
4.1 The Site
4.1.1 Geographical Location
4.1.2 Site Selection Criteria
4.1.2 Location Maps
4.2 Climate Of Port Harcourt, River State
4.3 Planning Considerations
4.3.1 Access and Circulation
4.3.2 Gradient And Slope
4.3.3 Solar Radiation
4.3.4 Wind Direction
4.3.5 Noise
4.3.6 Orientation
4.3.7 Vegetation
4.4 Design Considerations
4.4.1 Technical Data
4.4.2 Spaces and Their Relationships
4.4.3 Materials for Construction
4.4.4 Aesthetics
4.4.5 Services
4.4.6 Lighting
4.4.7 Ventilation
4.4.8 Thermal Comfort
4.4.9 Fire Safety
4.5 Space Requirements
5.0 DESIGN SYNTHESIS
5.1 Planning And Design Philosophy
5.2 Design Concept
5.3 Concept Derivation
5.4 Form of the Building
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

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THE MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL OF INVENTORIES (DRUGS) IN GOVERNMENT HEALTH INSTITUTIONS (UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL (UNTH) IN ENUGU)

THE MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL OF INVENTORIES (DRUGS) IN GOVERNMENT HEALTH INSTITUTIONS

(UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL (UNTH) IN ENUGU)


NUMBERS PAGES: 80         RESEARCH TYPE:- PROJECT         AMOUNT :- ₦2500

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1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Inventories occupy the most strategic position in structure of working capital of most business enterprises. It constitutes the largest component of current asset in most business enterprises. In the sphere of working capital, the efficient control and management of inventory has paired the most serious problem to the health institutions. The turnover of working capital is largely governed by the turnover of inventory, that is the rate of working capital is largely governed by the amount of inventory which is largely provided by the government. It is therefore quite natural that inventory which helps to maximize profit occupies the most significant place among current and profit assets.
The American usage of the word ‘inventory’ is synonymous with the British use of the word ‘stock’, this synonym is evident in the definitions of inventory and stock by the Oxford Dictionary. The Oxford English Dictionary defined inventory as follows:
1. A list, catalogue, detailed account
2. A lot or stock of goods, etc which are or may be made the subject of an inventory.
3. The aggregate of goods and some specified kind of goods which a trader has on hand as provision for the possible future requirement of customers.
The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) defined inventory thus, the term inventory in used to designate the aggregate of those terms tangible personal property which are held for sale in the ordinary course of business, in the process of production for such sale or currently consumed in the production of goods and services to be available for sale.
According to the Nigerian Accounting Standard Boards (NASB) stock includes those finished goods and livestock waiting sale, work-in-program, raw materials and supplies to be consumed in the production of goods and rendering of services.
Many understand the word inventory as a stock of goods, but the generally accepted meaning of the word ‘goods’ in the accounting language is the stock of finished goods only. In a manufacturing organization, however, in addition to the stock of finished goods, there will be stock of partly finished goods; there will be stock of partly finished goods, raw materials and stores. The collective name of these entire items is ‘inventory’.
Inventory management is aimed at maintaining a minimum investment in operations to maximize profitable operations. To maintain a large stock of investment to ensure a smooth and efficient operation of the firm.
The effect of inventory management on government health institutions like UNTH Enugu cannot be over emphasized; this is because asset of many institutions represents considerable percentage of the total invested capital. The control, accounting and management of an efficient inventory management system is of a special interest to both management, suppliers and other users of accounting information.
Therefore, poor inventory management leads to expiration of drugs, loss of quality sequel to poor storage system with resultant reduction in efficacy of the drug. This might even lead to death of some patients. There may be stock out and lot more effect of poor inventory control and management.
Inventory control is concerned with the acquisition, control, handling and use of inventories so as to ensure the availability of inventory whenever needed, providing adequate provision for contingencies, deriving maximum economy and minimizing wastages and losses.
Hence, inventory control refers to a system, which ensures the supply of required quantity and quality of inventory at the required time. Inventory control can make or break a company. This explains the usual saying that inventories are the grave yard of business.
The aim of a sound inventory control system is to ensure the best balance between two much and too little. Too much inventory carries financial rises and too little reacts adversely on continuity of sequence.
In health institutions such as UNTH Enugu, inventory control is more than just procurement and usage. The proper controls and processes can save millions in health care cost by enabling health institutions to efficiently order and store just the right amount of supplies needed for patient care while tackling cost, tier pricing and patient charges associated with supplies.
Inventory management and control helps facilities identify, control and manage their inventories by keeping accurate records of all inflow, outflow and movement of inventory (drugs) in a user friendly environment. The proper tracking data allows for accuracy in patient charges and on audit trail to identify cist charges.
The intention of this research work therefore aimed at studying the management and control of inventories (drugs) in government health institutions with special reference to University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
A large proportion of the government health institutions are faced with similar problems. These problems hinder the growth and development of institutions in this country. The problems include
1. Unsatisfied clients/patients arising from poor qualify drugs.
2. High rate of obsolescence, wastages and theft of drugs.
3. Poor quality of inventory control leading to out of stock of essential drugs in the hospital.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
1. To ensure an effective and efficient management and control of inventory (drugs) in government health institution leading to effective service delivery.
2. To reduce obsolescence and wastages of drugs.
3. To reduce out of stock syndrome prevalent in government hospitals.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. To what extent has effective management and control of inventory aid in effective and efficient service delivery of hospitals?
2. How far do effective inventory management reduce obsolescence and wastages of drugs experienced in hospitals?
3. To what extent do good inventory management help in reducing out of stock syndrome prevalent in government hospitals?
1.5 FORMULATION OF HYPOTHESES
Ho: proper management and control of inventory does not have a significant effect on effective and efficient service delivery of hospitals.
Hi: Proper management and control of inventory has a significant effect on effective and efficient service delivery on hospitals.
Ho: Proper management and control of inventory does not reduce obsolescence and wastages experienced in hospitals.
Hi: Proper management and control of inventory reduce obsolescence and wastages experienced in hospitals.
Ho: There is no relationship between inventory control and stock out experienced n hospitals.
Hi: There is relationship between inventory control and stock out experienced n hospitals.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of the study is mainly attributed to the need for measuring result of inventory operations for a particular period such as month of year. This study will point out the importance of inventory control and management in government health institutions.
This study will also create an opportunity for existing and prospective employers and employees to benefit from the use of modern inventory control and management techniques that will be recommended. To students, it will improve their theoretical and practical knowledge of inventory management and control in government health institutions.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The management and control of inventories cover physical control, accounting control and management policies and procedures relating to inventory. This study is based on government health institutions but due to time, the school system and financial constraints, this research has selected a sample from eth population of health instructions.
The study sample selected for this study is University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) in Enugu, and the study shall cover their ordering method, procurement method, storage and issue of drugs including the cold chain system and the inventory management and control techniques that aid in the achievement of the organizational goal.
1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The absence of any previous empirical study on the management and control of inventories drugs in the program of UNTH is a significant limitation to this study.
These absences of an existing body of study on this area in the institution posses a special problem of the absence of previous reference or primary data from the scratch through questionnaire administration and designed to supplement available secondary data. However, financial constraints are expected to present a very serious limitation to the study since it would limit the researcher’s data material and the presentation of existing evidence.
1.9 DEFINITION OF OPERATIONAL TERMS
Inventory – Stock of materials or product. In this, inventory refers to drugs.
Inventory Management – The official system designed by the management of a company to monitor control and manage the stock of inventories and assets under its possession.
Inventory Control – Supervision of the supply and storage and accessibility of items in order to incur on adequate supply without excessive supply.
Cold Chain System – A popular term for continuous maintenance of low temperature required for biological example vaccines from the time of manufacture to shipping, warehouse and storing before administration.

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CHALLENGES OF REVENUE GENERATION AND MANAGEMENT IN THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS (A CASE STUDY OF DEKINA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)

CHALLENGES OF REVENUE GENERATION AND MANAGEMENT IN THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS

(A CASE STUDY OF DEKINA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)


NUMBERS PAGES: 40         RESEARCH TYPE:- PROJECT         AMOUNT :- ₦2500

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                                                                              Abstract
This study is conducted to ascertain The Challenges of Revenue Generation and Management in the Local Government Areas. It all related problem that hinder the adequate and efficiency of revenue generation in Local Government with Dekina Local Government in particular.
This research work is also aimed at finding out management of revenue derived the research used both primary and secondary data in analyzing its data.

TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page
Approval page
Acknowledgments
Abstract
Table of content
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problems
1.3 Objectives of the study
1.4 Significance of the study
1.5 Research question
1.6 Scope of the study
1.7 Limitation and constraint of the study
1.8 Definition of key concept
CHAPTER TWO
2.1 Literature of review
2.2 Sources of Government Revenue
2.3 Management Expenditure of Local Government
2.4 Challenges Associate with Revenue Collection
2.5 Factors Responsible for the Pattern of Dekina

CHAPTER THREE
3.1 Research Design and approach
3.2 Area of the Study
3.3 Research Population and Sample
3.4 Method of Data Collection.
3.5 Administration of Instrument.
3.6 Method of data Analysis.

CHAPTER FOUR
4.1 Data Presentation and Analysis Discussion
4.2 Analysis of data
4.3 Discussion of finding.

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
5.1 Summary
5.2 Recommendation
5.3 Conclusion.
5.4 Biography references

 

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF LIQUIDITY AND CREDIT FACILITIES MANAGEMENT IN COMMERCIAL BANKS (A CASE STUDY OF UBA BANK)

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF LIQUIDITY AND CREDIT FACILITIES MANAGEMENT IN COMMERCIAL BANKS

(A CASE STUDY OF UBA BANK)


NUMBERS PAGES: 40         RESEARCH TYPE:- PROJECT         AMOUNT :- ₦2500

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                                                                             Abstract.
In today’s banking business, liquidity risk and its management are some of the most critical elements that underlie the stability and security of the bank’s operations, profit-making and clients confidence as well as many of the decisions that the bank makes. Managing liquidity in a commercial bank is not something new, yet scientific literature has not focused enough on different approaches to liquidity risk management and assessment. Furthermore, models, methodologies or policies of managing liquidity risk in a commercial bank have never been examined in detail either. The goal of this project is to analyse the liquidity and credit facilities in of commercial banks as well as the possibilities of managing it. The development, assessment and application of the commercial bank liquidity management was based on an analysis of scientific resources, a comparative analysis and mathematical calculations.
Keywords: liquidity risk, bank risks, commercial banks, liquidity ratios, obligatory reserves, liquidity risk management.

TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page………………………………………………………….……..…
Approved page……………………………………………………….……
Dedication …………………………………………………………………
Acknowledgement…………………………………………………………
Abstract………………………………………………………….………….
Table of content……………………………………………..…………….
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the study ……………………….….…………….
1.2 Statement of the problem………………….……….…………….
1.3 Objectives of the study …………………….……….…………….
1.4 limitation constraints of the study ……………………..…….…………….
1.5 scope of the study …………………………..…………….
1.6 Significance Of The Study ………………………….…………..………….
1.7 definition of term ——————————————————-
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIW
2.0 Introduction………………….…….….………………………………
2.1 Theoretical Review / Origin Of Bank Credit ……….
2.2 The Concept Of Credit ………………………………………
2.1.3 Importance Of Bank Credit:………………………………….
2.1.4 Types Of Credit Facilities …
2.3 Conception and meaning of liquidity management
2.4 CREDIT MANAGEMENT
2.4.1 TYPES OF BANK CREDIT
2.5 CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT
2.5.1 CREDIT POLICY OF BANKS
2.5.2 THE PURPOSE OF CREDIT POLICY
2.5.3 FACTORS AFFECTING CREDIT POLICY THRUSTS OF BANKS
2.6 CREDIT ANALYSIS
2.7 THE CANNONS OF LENDING
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Introduction…………………………………….…………….
3.2 Research Design ……………….…………………….….………….
3.2.1 Population ………………………………….…………….
3.2.2 Nature and sources of data……..……………………….…………….
3.2.3 Description of valuables employed…………….…………………….
3.2.4 Techniques of data processing and analysis…………………………
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS
4.1 Introduction……………………………………………………………..
4.2 Data presentation ………………………….…………………………….
4. 2 .1 Analysis of data ………………………….…………………………..
4. 3 Discussion and interpretation of results…………….……………………
4.4 Policy implementation of the study…………………………………….
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, POLICY RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
5. 1 Summary of the finding ………………………….…………..…………
5.2 Conclusions………………………………………………………………
5.3 Recommendations………………………………………………………..
5.4 Suggestions for further research…………………………………………
Bibliography………………………….………………..…………….………

 

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THE IMPACT OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION ON BANK PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT (A CASE STUDY OF FIRST BANK OF NIGERIA PLC, ENUGU)

THE IMPACT OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION ON BANK PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT

(A CASE STUDY OF FIRST BANK OF NIGERIA PLC, ENUGU)



NUMBERS PAGES: 95         RESEARCH TYPE:- PROJECT         AMOUNT :- ₦2500

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                                                             Abstract

The aim of this study is to the impact of accounting information on bank portfolio management (A case study of First Bank of Nigeria Plc, Enugu). Every commercial bank targets the attainment of its desired objectives. They therefore aim towards efficiency and proper effectiveness in conducting its affairs. However, the level of this efficiency and effectiveness of any bank or the extent to which it is able to achieve its desired goals depends to a large extent on the quality of the available accounting information and on how the bank utilizes the available information.
Based on this, this research work is assessing the extent to which banks are enlightened on how to strike a balance between risks and portfolios and whether commercial banks use accounting information especially on decisions to buy or not tobuy a portfolio considering factors like the personality and integrity of the prospective investor and the Nigerian stock exchange trade guidelines.

TABLE OF CONTENT:
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 Statement of the Research Problem
1.3 Objectives of the Study
1.4 Significance of the Study
1.5 Research Questions
1.5.1 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESES
1.6 Scope and Limitations of the Study
1.7 Conceptual and Operational Definition
CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT
2.2 ROLE AND PURPOSES OF PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT
2.2.1 MAXIMIZE THE VALUE OF THE PORTFOLIO
2.2.2 SEEKING THE RIGHT BALANCE OF PORTFOLIOS
2.2.3 ENSURING THAT THE PORTFOLIO IS STRATEGICALLY ALIGNED
2.2.4 PICKING THE RIGHT NUMBER OF PORTFOLIOS
2.3 PREREQUISITES FOR EFFECTIVE PORTFOLIO MANANGEMENT
2.3.1 ESTABLISHING GENERAL CRITERIA AND OBJECTIVES
2.3.2 FORECAST THE EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
2.3.3 INVENTORYING THE PORTFOLIO NEEDS
2.3.5 ESTABLISHING THE MACHINERY FOR ADMINISTRATION, APPRAISAL AND REVIEW
2.4 MODERN PORTFOLIO THEORY
2.5 PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
2.5.1 HEURISTIC MODEL
2.5.2 SCORING TECHNIQUE
2.5.3 MAPPING OR VISUAL TECHNIQUE
2.6 PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES OF PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT
2.6.1 EMPHASIZING A DISCIPLINED PROCESS TO ELIMINATE RESPONSE TO SHORT-TERM MARKET VOLATILITY.
2.6.2 DELIVERING GREAT CAPABILITY TO ALL INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS.
2.6.3 ALIGNING THE INVESTMENT STRATEGY WITH THE OBJECTIVES AND RISK TOLERANCE.
2.6.4 EMPHASIZING THE IMPORTANCE OF ASSET ALLOCATION
2.6.5 PLAN IMPLEMENTATION USING THE MOST APPROPRIATE INVESTMENT STRATEGIES.
2.6.6 MONITORING AND ADJUSTING THE PORTFOLIO
2.6.7 ASSESSMENT OF PROGRESS
2.7 DIVERSIFICATION OF PORTFOLIOS
2.7.1 SPREADING OUT THE PORTFOLIOS
2.7.2 CONTINOUS BUILDING OF THE PORTFOLIO
2.7.3 BEING AWARE OF THE TIME TO EXIT
2.8 METHODS OF PORTFOLIO ANALYSIS
2.8.1 BOND PORTFOLIO ANALYSIS
2.8.2 STOCK PORTFOLIO ANALYSIS
2.9 FINANCIAL RATIOS ANALYSIS
2.9.1 LIQUIDITY RATIOS
2.9.2 PROFITABILITY RATIOS
2.9.3 LEVERAGE RATIOS
2.10 ROLE OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION IN BANK’S PORTFOLIO DECISIONS\
2.11 LIMITATIONS OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION
CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research design
3.2 Areas of the study
3.3 Sample and sampling procedure
3.4 Instruments for data collection
3.5 Validation of the instruments
3.6 Reliability of the instruments
3.7 Methods of data collection
3.8 Method of data analysis
CHAPTER FOUR
DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS
4.1 Data Analysis
4.2 Results
4.3 Discussion
CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 summary
5.2 Conclusions
5.3 Recommendations
Bibliography

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INTERNAL AUDITING AS AN AID TO MANAGEMENT (A STUDY OF HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTS COMPANY, ORLU, IMO STATE)

INTERNAL AUDITING AS AN AID TO MANAGEMENT

(A STUDY OF HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTS COMPANY, ORLU, IMO STATE)


NUMBERS PAGES: 56         RESEARCH TYPE:- PROJECT         AMOUNT :- ₦2500

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                                                                              ABSTRACT
This research work deals with internal audit as an aid to management. It aims at finding out the role of internal audit in management decision making in organizations. It is a survey research. Data were collected from primary and secondary sources which included using questionnaires, personal observations, text book, journal and internet. Sample of 92 were collected by random sample method. Three hypotheses were formulated and tested using Z-test statistics, while questionnaires were analyzed using simple percentages. We discovered among other things that internal audit assists management in managerial decisions. We recommended among other things that the auditors be trained in forensic accounting to enable them to be more effective in their duties.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cover page ………………………………………………………………………………. i
Title page …………………………………………………………………………………. ii
Certification ……………………………………………………………………………… iii
Approval page …………………………………………………………………………… iv
Dedication ………………………………………………………………………………… v
Acknowledgement ……………………………………………………………………. vi
Table of content ………………………………………………………………………… vii
CHAPTER ONE Introduction
1.1 Background of the study ……………………………………………………… 1
1.2 Statement of problem …………………………………………………………. 2
1.3 Objective of the study …………………………………………………………. 3
1.4 Research questions ……………………………………………………………… 3
1.5 Statement of hypothesis ……………………………………………………… 4
1.6 Purpose of the study ……………………………………………………………. 5
1.7 significance of the study ………………………………………………………. 5
1.8 Slope and limitation of the study ………………………………………….. 7
1.9 Definition of terms ……………………………………………………………….. 8
References
CHAPTER TWO Literature review
2.1 Definition of internal audit ………………………………………………… 11
2.2 Objectives of internal audit ……………………………………………….. 12
2.3 Characteristics of internal audit ………………………………………….. 14
2.4 Functions of an internal audit ……………………………………………. .. 15
2.5 Responsibility of an internal auditor to management …………… 19
2.6 Internal auditing as an aid to fraud prevention …………………….. 21
2.7 Internal audit as an internal part of internal control …………….. 23
2.8 Cooperation between internal and external …………………………. 27
2.9 Problem of internal audit ……………………………………………………… 38
2.10 Historical background ………………………………………………………… 29
References
CHAPTER THREE Research methodology
3.1 Introduction and research design ……………………………………….. 33
3.2 Data collection method ………………………………………………………. 33
3.3 Research population and sample size ………………………………….. 35
3.4 Distribution of questionnaire ………………………………………………. 36
3.5 Validation and reliability of the instrument …………………………. 37
3.6 Method of data analysis ……………………………………………………… 37
3.7 Decision criteria for validation of hypotheses ………………………. 38
CHAPTER FOUR Data analysis and research findings
4.1 Introduction ………………………………………………………………………. 39
4.2 Data analysis ……………………………………………………………………… 39
4.3 Test of hypotheses ……………………………………………………………… 45
CHAPTER FIVE Summary, conclusion and recommendation
5.1 Summary ……………………………………………………………………………. 53
5.2 Conclusion ………………………………………………………………………….. 54
5.3 Recommendation ……………………………………………………………….. 54
Bibliography ……………………………………………………………………….. 56
Appendix …………………………………………………………………………….. 58

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AN ANALYSIS OF CREDIT MANAGEMENT IN THE BANKING INDUSTRY (A CASE STUDY FIRST BANK OF NIGERIA PLC. ENUGU.)

AN ANALYSIS OF CREDIT MANAGEMENT IN THE BANKING INDUSTRY
(A CASE STUDY FIRST BANK OF NIGERIA PLC. ENUGU.)


NUMBERS PAGES: 85         RESEARCH TYPE:- PROJECT         AMOUNT :- ₦2500

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        ABSTRACT
Credit extension is an essential function of banks and bank management strive to satisfy the legitimate credit needs of the community it tends to serve. This study is aimed at analysing the credit management in the banking industry in Nigeria with particular reference to first Bank of Nigeria PLC. The importance of credit in the economic growth and development of a country cannot be overemphasized. Despite the important role played by credit in the economy, it is associated with a catalogue of risks. The Nigeria banking industry witnessed some failures prior to the consolidation era due to imprudent lending that finally led to bad debt and some ethical facts. The issue of non- performance of asset and declaring of ficticious project has become the order of the day in our banking system as a result of poor credit management leading to bank distress in the industry. Three hypotheses were formulated and tested through use of chi-square on questionnaires administered to various respondents. From the data collected and the tested hypothesis, results showed that: (i) Inadequate feasibility study affects loan repayment in the banking industry, (ii) The diversion of bank loan to unprofitable ventures affects loan repayment and (iii) The problem of poor attention given to distribution of loan has negative effect on banks performance. Amongst several recommendations were the following: (a) Banks should establish sound and competent credit management unit and recruit well motivated staffs (b) Banks should ensure that the chief executive avoid approval in principle in the credit management, and (c) Banks should have a monitoring and control unit or department to carry out a sort of post- modern exercise by way of controlling and monitoring credit facilities and also ensuring completeness of all conditions precedent to draw down.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page i
Approval Page ii
Certification iii
Dedication iv
Acknowledgement v
Abstract vi
Chapter One
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background Of The Study 1
1.2 Statement Of The Problem 2
1:3 Objectives Of The Study 3
1.4 Research Questions 3
1.5 Statement Of Hypotheses 4
16. Scope Of The Study 4
1.7 Significance Of The Study 5
1.8 Definition Of Terms 6
Chapter Two
Review Of Related Literature
2.0 Introduction 7
2.1 Theoretical Review 7
2.2 Emperical Reviews 51
CHAPTER THREE
Research Methodology 54
3.1 Introduction 54
3.2 Research Design 54
3.3 Sources And Techniques Of Data Collection 55
3.4 Descripti0n Of Population And Sample Procedure 55
3.5 Method Of Data Analysis 56
3:6 Determinations Of Critical Values 57
Chapter Four
Data Presentation, Analysis And Interpretation.
4.1 Introduction 60
4.2 Presentation Of Data 60
4.3 Analysis And Interpretation Of Data 60
Chapter Five
Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation
5.1) Introduction 64
5.2 Summary Of Findings 64
5.2 Conclusion 65
5.4 Recommendation 65
Questionnaire 72
Appendix 71

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